English
 家政学部
 生活造形学科
 
准教授
渡邊   敬子
WATANABE Keiko

リポジトリへのリンク

その他の所属・職名
家政学研究科 生活造形学専攻博士前期課程 授業担当教員

職歴
大妻女子大学家政学部被服学科 助手   1997/04-2002/03 
大妻女子大学短期大学部 非常勤講師  2002/04-2003/03/31 
京都女子大学短期大学部 講師  2003/04/01-2011/03/31 
京都女子大学短期大学部 准教授  2011/04/01-2012/03/31 
京都女子大学家政学部 准教授  2012/04/01-現在 

取得学位
博士(学術)  大妻女子大学大学院  2001/03/22 

学生及び受験生へのメッセージ
高度な技術がなくても自分の想い描いた服・一人一人の体に合った服が作れるようになることを目指して、3次元CADを使った服の設計について研究しています。3次元のCADを使いこなしてユニークな服を作ってショーやコンペに参加してくれる学生さんが増えていて頼もしいです。一方、オーダーでないと服が体に合わない障害を持つ人たちのための衣服設計にも取り組んでいます。京女の恵まれた環境とみんなの努力で夢を形にしていってほしいし、それを精一杯サポートしたいと思います。   

賞罰(賞)
日本家政学会奨励賞  2003/05 

研究分野
生活科学一般 

著書
「被服学事典」,1.1.1 人体の形態  朝倉書店  1-6  2016/10       
消費者の視点からの衣生活概論  井上書院    2013/12  菅井清美,諸岡晴美編著   978-4-75302323-3  4章 体型に合わせた衣服の購入(pp46-59)担当。 衣服と衣生活に関わる初学者を対象に衣服の設計と衣服のサイズ表示について概説した。 
新版 家政学辞典  朝倉書店    2004/07      この著は家政学の全分野を網羅したもので、「5.1.5高齢者の体型」(担当部分)は、「第5章着衣基体」の「5.1人体形態」にあって、着衣基体としての高齢者の体型の特徴について述べている。担当、640~641頁、(社)日本家政学会(編)執筆者626名 
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論文
Body type classification of the three-dimensional torso shape of Japanese men aged 20 to 70 years for efficient clothing design  Proceedings of 3D Body Scanning and Processing Technologies  その他  単著  pp347-355  2017/10  Keiko WATANABE    10.15221/17.347  In Japan, the men's clothing industry has faced repeated price competition. However, it seems that price competition is also reaching its limit. Consumers are looking for new added value, and clothes that fit the body by a new made-to-measure system could be one solution. An appropriate classification system of body types is needed for an efficient made-to-measure system. However, analysis of male bodies has rarely been performed in Japan. The final purposes are to classify the body types among Japanese men, and create a new made-to-measure system using three-dimensional body scanning data. In this study, our aims were to clarify factors that account for the diversity among Japanese men’s body shapes, and to develop a classification system for Japanese men’s body shapes. The data of 50 men in each age group of men in their 20s, 30s, 40s, and 50s and 50 men in their 60s and 70s, totaling 250 men, were randomly selected from 429 men aged 20 to 79 years old. A body line scanner was used to measure each person’s body. In this study, the trunk, which was restricted to the inside of the arm hole, below the neckline, and above the trochanter point, was analyzed. The origin was unified based on the landmarks: the back-neck point was the origin of the X-axis (transverse direction), the trochanter point was the origin of the Y-axis (vertical direction) and the right-side neck point was the origin of the Z-axis (sagittal direction). To enable statistical analysis, the data from each individual were transformed to a homologous model by HBM software. The homologous models were analyzed by principal component analysis with DHRC-HBS Human Body Shape Statistics software. Seven factors were extracted and interpreted as follows. The first principal component (PC1) was the factor of height of the trunk. PC2 was inclination of the torso forward or backward above the waistline. PC3 was thickness of the torso. PC4 and PC5 were left / right difference. PC6 was forward or backward shoulder. PC7 was considered as distortion of the shoulder relative to the lower trunk. The principal component scores for PC1, PC2, PC3, and PC6 were used in cluster analysis with the statistics software IBM SPSS Statistics. The analysis resulted in seven clusters. CL1 and CL4 were similar to the average shape of the 250 subjects, although CL4 was taller than CL1. CL1 and CL4 accounted for 50% of the men in the groups of men in their 30s, 40s, and 50s. CL6 was slenderer than CL1; in CL6, the body trunk was thin and showed swayback, and its frequency was relatively high among men in their 20s. CL7 represented good posture with a developed chest. CL3 had a round back and front shoulder and these men were short; CL3 comprised 50% or more of the men in their 60s and 70s. CL2 was bending backward with a protruded stomach, which is considered to be the so-called metabolism type, and comprised 20% of men in their 50s. This body classification system is considered to be applicable for virtual dress dummy design and for a made-to-measure system. 
衣服のシルエット形成に影響を及ぼすいせこみ分量と布の力学的特性 : ドレス複製作業の効率化を目指して  繊維製品消費科学  学術雑誌  共著  56/ 4, 366-373  2015/04  藤本 純子 , 諸岡 晴美 , 渡邊 敬子       
筋負荷および主観評価からみた乳がん術後女性の補整具重量の検討  生活造形  大学・研究所紀要  共著  60, 61-66  2015/02  諸岡 晴美 , 佐野 加永子 , 大目木 幸子, 渡邊 敬子, 谷田貝 麻美子       
Analysis of three dimensional torso shape and bodice pattern of elderly Japanese women  Proceedings of the 4th International Conference on 3D Body Scanning Technologies  その他  共著  384-391  2013/11  Keiko WATANABE and Hiroko TAKABU      The population of individuals over 65 years old is growing rapidly. To provide well-fitting clothes for this population, it is important to clarify the difference in body shape between elderly and young women, and the quantitative relationships between flat patterns and body shapes. In this study, our aim was to clarify the factors that explain the diversity among young and elderly Japanese women’s body shapes. The subjects were 107 elderly and 230 young healthy Japanese women. Six VIVID 910 non-contact 3D digitizers were used to measure their torsos. In each subject, from the 3-dimensional torso surface, two-dimensional diagrams of the body surface were made using the 3D CAD software and would be the basic pattern for making clothes for that subject. To enable statistical analysis, the 3D data of each individual were transformed to a homologous model and analyzed. The average shapes of the two age groups were calculated and an age difference was observed. Upon principal component analysis of the homologous models, nine factors were extracted. Most of these factors could be effective input variables for pattern making in addition to ordinary size variables. The shapes of the body surfaces were observed in association with the principal component scores of the models. 
Analysis of three dimensional torso shape and bodice pattern shape of young Japanese Women  Proceedings of the Asian Workshop on 3D Body Scanning Technologies  学術雑誌  単著  116-122  2012/04        The purpose of this study was to clarify factors that reflect the diversity of the shape of the body of young Japanese women. One hundred fifty-six young, healthy Japanese women were measured using VIVID 910 non-contact 3D digitizers and the data for each individual were transformed to a homologous model to enable statistical analysis. These models were then analyzed with principal component analysis (DHRC-HBS-PCA). The three-dimensional body surface of each subject was developed by LookStailorX. The relationships between the principal components and shape of the developed surface were observed in the clothing alteration. These factors could be effective input variables for pattern alteration in addition to ordinary size variables. The application of “body type grade” was examined. 
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研究発表
講演  最新日本人の3Dデータに基づく20歳~79歳代男女の体型分類  第27回ファッション造形学セミナー【速報】2014~2016年日本人の人体計測結果-  2017/11/04  3次元計測データに基づく日本人男女の体型分類について、データ解析手法の詳細とともにその結果について述べた。 
学会発表  バーチャルボディ設計のための20歳代から70歳代女性の体型分類  日本繊維製品消費科学会2017年年次大会  2017/06/25   
学会発表  自動採寸機能の改良を目指した3次元計測の計測誤差の検討  日本家政学会 第69回大会  2017/05/27  3次元計測データから高い精度で身体寸法を算出することが必要とされている。この研究は、特に衣服設計に必要な身体計測値を手計測に近い値で精度良く算出する方法について、手計測と3Dからの算出地を比較しながら論じた。 
学会発表  パンツ用ボディ設計のための成人女性の下半身の3次元形状の解析」渡邊敬子,森由紀,小山京子、 十一玲子, 森下あおい、  日本繊維製品消費科学会2016年年次大会  2016/06/25   
学会発表  座位姿勢時の動作による体表長の変化-車いす利用者の上衣設計を目指して-  繊維製品消費科学会2013年度年次大会, 椙山女学園大学  2013/06/22   
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担当授業科目
大学  アパレル製作実習 
大学  アパレル体型学  
大学  卒業研究演習 
大学  衣生活概論 
大学院  アパレル造形学特論ⅢA 
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